Nano CBD – what is it and how does it work?

CBD Oil info

Let’s get clear first: what is CBD oil?

When a CBD-enriched extract is made from hemp, the result is a thick, oily substance containing a wide variety of hemp compounds. Cannabinoids inside, like CBD, are hydrophobic substances, which means they do not dissolve in water. Even when the CBD molecule is released from this extract and becomes a white crystalline substance, it is still hydrophobic. The term “CBD oil” is used to specifically describe oil-based tinctures, but is also used to describe the CBD in any product created with these extracts.

What is Nano CBD?

Nano or also water soluble means that the CBD has undergone a process separation of oil into small particles. These small droplets are then mixed with a surfactant which serves to emulsify the particles, allowing them to remain stable and not change. Despite the name, high CBD emulsified oils do not actually dissolve in water. The small particle size simply allows them to be dispersed in liquids. This process helps the body absorb CBD. These water-soluble extracts may be in liquid or powder form. They are then used to make CBD consumer products such as tinctures, capsules, food and drinks.

Several important technologies are used in the production of Nano CBD products:

  • Nanoemulsions use a mechanical process to create particles 10-100 nanometers in size. The small particle size allows the use of small amounts of natural surfactants, which reduces the need for high volume use of synthetic surfactants with other water soluble methods.
  • Liposomes are spherical structures ranging in size from 50 to 5000 nanometers. They consist of an inner waterproof (hydrophilic) layer surrounded by a water-insoluble (hydrophobic) bilayer. CBD extract can be stored in a bilayer membrane. Products using this technology are common in the hemp industry. The disadvantage of this method is that it uses very complex manufacturing processes and requires high levels of surfactant.
  • Microemulsions form droplets with a size of 100-5000 nanometers, formed by solubilization of CBD oil in water. These emulsions are formed by a chemical process, the disadvantage of which is that a large amount of surfactants is required, resulting in some undesirable side effects for the user. An emulsion of this size is not commonly found in the CBD industry.

Classic CBD oils vs. water soluble CBD:

Bioavailability when using CBD depends on the first pass effect. Compounds must pass through the body to the liver before they reach full circulation. During this process, most of the CBD is broken down by the liver, and only a fraction of what was originally consumed makes it to its place.

Bioavailability is defined as “the amount of a substance that enters the bloodstream when introduced into the body and, therefore, can have an active effect.

For example, studies show that when oil-based CBD is ingested, bioavailability can be as high as 4%. You can try to solve this problem and look for alternatives to the use of CBD, such as vaporization or others, however, in general, with nano CBD, the particles are smaller and therefore have greater bioavailability, as you can see in the picture:

Klassicheskie KBD Masla Vs Vodorastvorimyj KBD

Comparison of the effects of CBD and nano CBD

Now the most important thing is efficiency.

With classic CBD, the effect comes on more slowly, lasts longer and less absorbed. For example, with a sublingual tincture, the onset of effect lasts 20-60 minutes, but the effect can last up to 8 hours.

While with nano CBD, the effect comes faster – about 20 minutes, but lasts only 5 hours.

So what to choose?

Of course, it always depends on your preferences. Nano CBD is much more expensive to produce and therefore the product will be more expensive compared to regular “classic” CBD oils. It is also advisable to consider whether it is more important for you to have effects more quickly, or rather their duration.

In our range, you will only find classic CBD oils so far, so if we can recommend anything, it is the combination of cannabinoids together to create a synergistic effect. So try using CBD + CBG hemp oil and see how it works for you.