Cannabis and the substances in it and how they work

CBD Oil info

Have you ever wondered where the healing and psychoactive effects of cannabis come from? Here is a brief overview of the chemicals that are involved, including their effects on the human body. Of course, in the name of science.

Chemicals in hemp and their effects

If you want to know what it is about cannabis that contributes to its psychoactive and medicinal effects, then you will definitely be interested in scientific analysis. Here is an overview of some of the main chemicals.

Flavonoids are at the center of modern cannabis science – the molecules that make medicinal cannabis so wide range of colors and flavors. Some flavonoids (cannaflavins) are found only in hemp. Most of them are believed to have anti-inflammatory and antioxidant effects and have the potential to be useful in the prevention of cancer and other serious diseases.

  • THC (tetrahydrocannabinol)

THC is the main psychoactive component of cannabis. THC mimics the function of the hormone Anandamide, a neurotransmitter that is produced by the human body. Cannabinoids other than THC have therapeutic or psychoactive components, but THC is by far the best known. Interestingly, only about 15-50% of the THC from a joint enters the bloodstream!

  • CBD (cannabidiol)

Cannabidiol (CBD) is one of the main medicinal substances in the hemp plant with a strong anti-inflammatory effect without psychotropic (narcotic) effects. It also acts against seizures, anxiety, insomnia, neuropathic pain and has an antitumor effect. It does not bind too strongly to cannabinoid receptors in the human body. However, he has strong actions.

Terpenes contribute to the unique aroma and flavor of cannabis and offer interesting medicinal effects. These aromatic chemicals are also found in pine, citrus, and other aromatic plants. Some terpenes found in hemp and other plants have been shown to have therapeutic effects, which in practice means that the hitherto unexplored non-psychoactive components of cannabis can be used to treat many diseases and disorders.

  • CBN (cannabinol)

Another common cannabinol is CBN, which is more or less a by-product of the chemical breakdown of THC. Decomposition occurs through air and heat. He does not have strong psychoactive and the healing properties of THC and is usually found in the decomposed stems.


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