Hemp and CBD – Glossary

CBD Oil info

CBD (cannabidiol) is one of the most common natural compounds (cannabinoids) found in hemp and marijuana plants. Unlike THC (tetrahydrocannabinol), CBD is not psychoactive as it does not bind to CB1 receptors. CBD has the potential to provide potential health and wellness benefits, as well as alleviate some of the symptoms of certain diseases. It can be consumed in various doses and in various ways, be it vaporization, tinctures and capsules.

CBD oil is oil that contains any concentration of cannabidiol (CBD). CBD oil can be obtained from hemp and marijuana plants. Therefore, in most cases, “hemp oil” and “CBD oil” are used together. While there are several possible extraction methods, the most commonly used are: CO2 extractionwhich filters plant matter through a series of high-pressure, temperature-controlled chambers, and chemical extraction using ethyl alcohol. CBD can also be heated in a process called decarboxylation to improve the bioavailability of the product. CBD oil is often used as a tincture due to its ease of use. CBD oil can be classified as “full spectrum”, meaning it contains other cannabinoids in addition to CBD, or “isolate-based”, meaning it only contains the cannabinoid CBD.


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Also known as CBD, cannabidiol is one of 113 non-psychoactive cannabinoids found in the hemp plant. Hemp plants contain a high content of cannabidiol. You need to know that cannabidiol does not cause intoxication even when consumed in large quantities. The terms cannabidiol and CBD are used interchangeably as CBD is short for cannabidiol.

Messengers, neurotransmitters of the endocannabinoid system. Cannabinoids act on endocannabinoid receptors located throughout the body and brain to trigger a response.

There are two types of cannabinoids:

  1. The cannabinoids produced by our body are the so-called endocannabinoids.
  2. Cannabinoids from hemp plants are exogenous cannabinoids. Exogenous CBD cannabinoids mimic the action of endocannabinoids, which are produced as needed in your body, and help keep the endocannabinoid system balanced

The cannabis plant is one of the oldest domesticated crops in our history. Through selective breeding, some cannabis plants were grown for religious and medicinal purposes (marijuana), while others were grown for food, rope and textiles (hemp). Hemp and marijuana are classified according to their THC (tetrahydrocannabinol) content. While marijuana contains 5-30 percent THC, hemp contains only trace amounts (less than 0.3 percent) which are not enough to produce any psychoactive effects.

  • Endocannabinoid system

The endocannabinoid system (ECS) is a collection of cellular receptors and corresponding molecules (agonists) in the human body. This system helps regulate sleep, appetite, mood, motor control, immune function, pleasure, pain, reproduction and fertility, memory and temperature regulation. When the ECS is in balance, a person experiences homeostasis.

  • entourage effect

The entourage effect is used to explain how the whole has a greater impact than its individual parts. Cannabis contains over 400 micronutrients. Many of these compounds have the ability to interact synergistically, which means they work together. The entourage effect explains the ability of synergistic plant compounds to multiply the effects of other compounds. Many people prefer "full spectrum" CBD products because of the potential benefit of this effect, as it has more cannabinoids working with each other.

  • A full range of

Plant essence that still contains plant terpenes, unsaturated hydrocarbons and flavonoids from the original plant source. A full spectrum CBD product is the product of choice for those who want an entourage effect. Just a few of the many beneficial compounds found in full spectrum CBD include additional cannabinoids, omega-3 fatty acids, B vitamins, magnesium, potassium, and all 20 amino acids.

Non-psychoactive cannabis plant, commonly cultivated for food (hemp seeds), textiles, skin care products and nutritional supplements. Hemp is a tall, slender plant, reaching up to 6 meters. While hemp and marijuana are species of Cannabis Sativa, hemp differs from marijuana in its low THC content. To classify a plant as cannabis, it must contain no more than 0.3% THC. This amount is not enough to cause any form of "drunkness", even when hemp oil is consumed in large quantities.

  • hemp oil

Hemp oil and CBD hemp oil are completely different products. While CBD hemp oil is extracted from the flowers and stems, regular hemp oil is pressed from the seeds. Hemp seed oil is most commonly used in skin care products and for cooking. Hemp oil does not contain cannabidiol.

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  • industrial hemp

Industrial or agricultural hemp, which is the type of hemp from which CBD can be obtained, is grown specifically for inclusion in a range of products. As we have noted, industrial hemp cannot contain more than 0.3% THC and is therefore completely separated from THC-containing cannabis strains, including medical marijuana.

CBD isolate is pure cannabidiol. To obtain an isolate, full spectrum CBD undergoes further processing, removing all vegetable oils, waxes, chlorophyll and other plant materials. The result is a purified product with a CBD purity of over 99 percent. Isolates are tasteless and odorless. Products made with CBD isolate are often preferred by those who want to avoid even trace amounts of THC and those who prefer to add CBD to their favorite recipes.

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Marijuana is a cannabis plant classified as a grade 1 controlled substance. Marijuana contains high levels (5-30 percent) of the cannabinoid THC (tetrahydrocannabinol). This psychoactive cannabinoid binds to CB1 receptors in the brain, resulting in the state of relaxation and euphoria associated with marijuana use. Although marijuana is not legal for use in most countries, some doctors may prescribe it.

MCT stands for medium chain triglycerides. MCT oils are easily absorbed by the body and are not stored as fat or cholesterol. Typically, MCT oil is a combination of palm oil and coconut oil. The resulting compound is believed to be superior to using each of these oils alone. MCTs are sometimes used to lower cholesterol levels and increase muscle mass and strength in the elderly.

  • Pure CBD oil

Pure CBD oil is essentially the opposite of full spectrum oil. Pure oil is created using CBD isolate with MCT oil and anhydrous hemp oil. Pure CBD oil is odorless, tasteless and perfect for those who don't care about the taste of CBD or want to be sure of using a THC-free product. Pure CBD oil can be used sublingually or added to a selection of foods or drinks.

Terpenes are another type of compounds found in plants, including the cannabis plant. In particular, they are a class of organic hydrocarbons, responsible for the aroma of the plant. It is hypothesized that terpenes may interact with other compounds from cannabis to alter or enhance the effect of CBD, which is called the entourage effect.

THC stands for delta-9 tetrahydrocannabinol, which is the main psychoactive compound found in the cannabis plant. THC is responsible for the euphoria that accompanies marijuana. Hemp plants contain extremely low amounts of THC (<0.3%).

Source: https://thecbdistillery.zendesk.com/hc/en-us/articles/360008875414-Hemp-and-CBD-Glossary